2011 The history of Mercedes-Benz Company, The history of this brand consists of the stories of two famous brands - «Mercedes», produced by German company «Daimler-Motor-Gesellschaft» and «Benz», which are built the same firm. Both companies are quite well developed independently, and in 1926 merged to form a new company «Daimler-Benz».
So, in order. 1886. A three-self Vehicle petrol engine. In the same year, her creator - Karl Benz obtained a patent for an invention. The world's first three-car ready and put into serial production.Seven years later, losing the first Daimler, Karl Benz created a four-car, but next year even better design for a strange name «Cyclists» is a series.
In 1901, shortly after the release of a new model for Daimler «Mercedes-35PS» becomes clear how «Benz» behind progress. To catch up, shareholders are invited to contact the French engineer Marius Barbara. Due to technical differences, Carl Benz founded by him leaving the company. It soon became obvious - the Frenchman has not justified the hopes placed. Following the logic of the German cars to be made by German hands, the company, as Chief Engineer, was invited Fritz Erle. Again, no luck. Only with the arrival of talented engineers in the company of Hans Nibelya case slowly went up the hill. In 1909, a number of beautiful cars the company built the most famous racing car at the time «Blittsen Benz» motor power of 200 hp and the stunning amount 21594sm3.
In the postwar years, there have been many new models, most of which was successfully released until mid-twenties. In total since the start of production in 1886, and to unite with «Daimler-Motor-Gesellschaft» in 1926 the company «Benz» produced 47,555 vehicles, including cars, trucks and bus.
In 1890, Gottlieb Daimler, in the town of Bad Kannshtat near Stuttgart, founded his own behalf - «Daimler-Motor-Gesellschaft», having decided to produce, created four years earlier by himself and taking an active part, Wilhelm Maybahom four-car. After a series of not very successful attempt, which still have their enthusiastic buyers, designers B. Maybahu in 1901 succeeded in creating a successful model. At the insistence of the Consul of Austria-Hungarian Empire in Nice and, concurrently, head of the «Daimler» in France, Emile Ellineka car was named after a young and attractive daughter of a consul - «Mercedes».
First «Mercedes-35PS», namely because it was called, had a four engine capacity 5913 cm3, a classic arrangement of basic units and the beautiful (for the time) appearance. A year later saw the light of improved design under the name «Mercedes Simplex». Became more range. The best known representatives of this series were the proud names «Mercedes-40/45PS» and «Mercedes-65PS» and the volume of 6785 cm3 engines and, accordingly, 9235 cm3, allowing speeds of up to 90 km / h.
Before the First World War «Daimler-Motor-Gesellschaft» managed to produce a wide range of their cars with different engines (from 1568 cm3 to 9575 cm3) calculated at different consumers, including a luxurious, almost noiseless cars using engines with bezklapannym gas distribution produced by the U.S. patent Company «Knight».
Immediately after the war, Paul Daimler starts experimenting with the compressor, allowing one and a half times increase engine power. Came to the post of chief engineer in 1923, Ferdinand Porsche had brought the experiments to their logical conclusion by creating in 1924 one of the most outstanding vehicles of peace - «Mersedes-24/100/140PS» with excellent chassis and six compressor motor 6240 cm3 and the volume capacity of 100 -140 hp
1924 Mercedes K 24/100/140 HP, Daimler-Chrycler photos
By 1926, «Daimler-Motor-Gesellschaft» made at all its factories, a total of 147,961 motor vehicle, the maximum productivity was achieved in 1918. Despite all the difficulties of the last war years, then was able to produce 24,690 cars.
After the merger in 1926 of the concern «Daimler-Benz» an opportunity to build on the accumulated experience of both firms. Headed the design bureau of the group, Ferdinand Porsche has refined the model «Mersedes-24/100/140PS», which has received a new name «Mercedes-Benz Type 630» and the beginning of production in 1928-34 of the series S (S, SS, SSK and SSKL) .
1926 Mercedes-Benz 630K Tourer1930 Mercedes-Benz SS Erdmann & Rossi Roadster, photo Wouter Melissen1929 Mercedes-Benz 710 SS 27/170/225 HP Murphy Roadster, photo Rob Clements
In 1928, Porsche took the place of F. Hans Nibel, under whose leadership had issued a series of «Stuttgart 200», «Mannheim 350», «Nyurburg 460», as well as the «Mercedes-Benz 770» - the largest model of the group with 8-cylinder engine volume of 7655 cm3 and power of 200 hp
1935 Mercedes-Benz 770 car Emperor Hirohito, photo Daimler-Chrycler1931 Mercedes-Benz 770 Castagna Cabriolet, photos Cromoclassico.com
In 1931 «Daimler-Benz» first released on the market for midget cars. Model «Mercedes-Benz 170» 6-cylinder engine of small displacement and independent suspension, front wheels on the transverse springs was well received by buyers. In 1935, this popular model to replace the name «170V» and half will reduce the number of cylinders in your engine.
1934 Mercedes-Benz 170 V Cabriolet, SA Classic Images
1934. For the first time since the beginning of the production cars classic layout (1898), released «Mercedes-Benz 130» 26-strong engine volume of 1308 cm3, which is located in the rear overhang. Subsequently, such models will receive letter «H». Total zadnemotornyh models from 1934 to 1940 the Group will issue a 5815 pieces, including five rare roadsters «Mercedes-Benz 150».
1935 Mercedes-Benz 150 Sport Roadster, photo Mettools
On the basis of established the year before (in 1933) compressor vosmitsilindrovika «Mercedes-Benz 380» (total production, including models with custom bodies - 157 copies) is a dream for collectors and bonzes Third Reich «Mercedes-Benz 540K». For all the years of production in 1934 and 1939 models built «500K» - 342 copies and models «540K» - 419 copies. Models include 3 types of convertibles (A, B and C), the roadster, 2-and 4-door limousine, phaeton, coupé, coupe «Autobahn Courier», as well as various types of custom bodies built on chassis 61 best body shops world.
1936 Mercedes-Benz 540 K Autobahn Kurier, photos Daimler-Chrycler1936 Mercedes-Benz 500 K Special Roadster1936 Mercedes-Benz 540 K Special Phaeton, photos Blackhawkcollection.com1939 Mercedes-Benz 540 K Special Roadster, photo CF Mirbach
Under the leadership of Max Zallera, took v1935 was chief designer was the first serial car with a diesel engine «Mercedes-Benz 260D» new «770» spring suspension with rear axle. Until 1943, they make 88, will lead the whole Reich.
1940 Mercedes-Benz 770 Tourenwagen, photos Smugmug.com
After the restoration of the plants in 1946, virtually unchanged from the conveyor descended «Mercedes-Benz 170V». In addition to variations in the production of passenger cars were pickups, vans and ambulance razvoznye that fully complies with the requirements of the German national economy those heavy years. In 1949, this model has a diesel option, a slightly updated bodywork was modified «universal», on the basis of which produced 6-local limousines, taxis, postal vehicles, and health. In the same year, the model has been completely updated. Prior to 1767 cm3 increased engine power increased from 38 to 52 hp, front spring suspension was replaced by the spring, the body adopted a more modern shape and shildik logo «170S». In 1951, a new, more powerful 80-strong six-model «220». Its chassis and firm Drew Wendler in 1952, building custom convertible with bodies floating layout, pushing «Daimler-Benz» to produce more sophisticated products.
1951 Mercedes-Benz 170 S Cabriolet A, photo Steenbuck-Automobiles
Released in 1951 «Mercedes-Benz 300» was the model for the world's automobile. Big, powerful and reliable car with pleasure raskupalsya in both Europe and America. In 1956 almost all the known body of Italy released samples of its coupe and convertibles on the chassis model «300».
1961 Mercedes-Benz 300 D, photo Autobella USA
On the basis of this model in 1954, the company issued a unique car, which has no analogues in the world. Sports Coupe «gull wing» trehlitrovym Six-cylinder engine with a capacity of 215 hp, tubular space frame, and opening up the doors is amazing contemporaries. The directors tried to insert into their movies episodes involving this machine. So «300SL» became a hero in films «elevator scaffold at the», «Low Season» and many others. Despite the popularity, these machines have been released a bit, double sports coupe - 1400 shares at a price of 29,000 marks, and two sports roadsters - 1858 shares at a price of 32,500 marks. For the poor in 1955, released a similar game - roadster with a removable rigid roof «190SL». It was worth half as much, but over 8 years of production they produced in quantities of 25,881 vehicles.
1954 product line assembly sports coupe Mercedes-Benz 300 SL, the photo Daimler-Chrycler1955 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Coupe «Gullwing», a collection of Ralph Laurena1954 Mercedes-Benz 190 SL, the photo Autogaleria.pl
The topic of sports models continued in 1963, the release of «Mercedes-Benz 230SL». For typical line of the roof in the eastern style, it has received, and still bears the name of «Pagoda». Prostoyav on line eight years, the car changed the engine twice. In 1966 the volume increased to 2496 cm3 ( «250SL»), and at the end of 1967 to 2778 cm3 ( «280SL»), that has not hit demand for slightly outdated roadster (the car equipped with a removable rigid roof, and it had a profile of the roof of a Buddhist temple ).
1966 Mercedes-Benz 230 SL «Pagoda», Images Ritzsite.net
In September 1963, an event that is forever in the memory of fans of the brand. At the Frankfurt Auto Show for the first time the public was shown a car with factory index W 100, bearing the proud name of «Mercedes-Benz 600». The impression he made on the audience to describe is not possible. According to pathos and brutality it can do the same, no car, including all subsequent six hundredth.
Factory shestidvernaya version «Mercedes-Benz 600 limousine Pulman-» length was 6240 mm, curb weight of car is 3340 kg and maximum speed - 200 km / h. The model was produced in three versions, «600» - Four sedan (made 2190 copies, including the two-compartment on the short base), «600 Pulman-limousine» (428 copies) and «600 Pulman Lando» (59 copies). A rare head of state did not use one of these cars. His Holiness Pope Paul VI, beginning in 1966 passed by the black congregation «Mercedes-Benz 600 Pulman Lando» with flags of the Vatican in the front wings and a white number «SCV 1».
1963 Mercedes-Benz 600 (W100), Daimler-Chrycler photos
In 1965 appeared «S» class, standing on the step below six. Outwardly quite boring model with vertical block headlights. However, their technical excellence has been recognized throughout the world. The total production of cars in this class (S, SE, SEL) from 1965 to 1972 was about 400,000 pieces, of which 15900 - coupe and convertible.
In 1967, the company begins production of automobiles of middle class. Models of «200» and «280SE» becoming the most popular products «Daimler-Benz». Until 1976, when the rotation of the series on the «W 123», was released a total of 1840753 cars 115 series. 123 and 124 series of 1984 have further strengthened the position of «Daimler-Benz» as a manufacturer of automobiles of middle class «premium» segment.
1976 Mercedes-Benz W123, photos Daimler-Chrycler
For the class of compact cars, whose production was terminated in mid-50's, the company returned in 1982, producing a model «Mercedes-Benz 190» ( «W 201»). Since 1998, the range of cars «Mercedes-Benz» covers almost all market segments from A to S, Full power vehicles as well as classes F and G.